Anguina: an-GWINE-uh. Latin anguis, eel. Seed gall nematodes.
Aphelenchoides: (AFF)-uh-leng-KOI-deeze. Greek aphel, sleek, enchos, a spear, and oid, denoting likeness of form. A genus of folair nematodes.
Bursaphelenchus: (BURS)-aff-eh-LENK-us. Greek bursa, hide or skin; pouch, aphel, sleek, and enchos, a spear. The pinewood nematode and other species; sometimes included in the genus Aphelenchoides.
Criconemella: (CRIC)-eh-neh-MELL-uh. Greek krikos, a ring or circle, and nema, thread; Latin ell, diminutive. Ring nematodes; invalid synonym for many species now included in Mesocriconema.
Ditylenchus: (DIH)-teh-LENK-us. Greek di, two, tylos, a knob on a club, and enchos, a spear. Genus including stem and bulb nematodes (which can also inhabit foliage), potato rot nematode, and numerous non-pathogenic root hair feeders and fungal feeders.
Dorylaimida: (DOOR)-uh-LAM-ih-duh. Greek dorys, a spear, and laimos, throat. Order containing Longidorus, Trichodorus, Paratrichodorus, Xiphinema, and other plant parasites, fungal feeders, predators, and omnivores with a two-part stylet and two-part esophagus.
Globodera: (GLOE)-boe-DARE-uh. Latin globus, globe or ball, and Greek deros (poetic form of derma), hide or skin . Potato cyst nematodes (not detected in the western U.S.).
Gracilicus: grah-SILL-i-kuss. Latin gracil, slender, thin, simple. A genus of pin nematodes usually parasitizing woody plants.
Helicotylenchus: (HEE)-lih-koe-tie-LENK-us. Greek helikos, anything twisted or wound, tylos, a knob on a club, and enchos, a spear. A genus of spiral nematodes with a wide host range including turf.
Hemicycliophora: (HEM)-ee-(SICK)-lee-OFF-for-uh. Greek hemi, half, kyklos, a circle, and phoros, to bear. Sheath nematodes.
Heterodera: (HET)-er-oh-DARE-uh, or (HET)-er-AH-der-uh. Greek hetero, other, different, and deros, hide or skin (poetic form of derma). Cyst nematodes.
Longidorus: (LON)-jih-DOOR-us. Latin long, long, and Greek dorys, a spear. Mint nematode, needle nematodes.
Macroposthonia: (MACK)-roe-pos-THON-ee-uh. Greek macros, large, and posth, phallus. Alternate and currently invalid synonym for Criconemella/Mesocriconema often found in literature.
Meloidogyne: (MEL)-OY-doe-gine, or (MEL)-OY-doe-gine-ee. Greek melon, apple or other tree fruit, oid, denoting likeness of form, and gyne, woman, feminine. Root-knot nematodes.
Mesocriconema: (MES)-o-(CRIC)-o-NEEM-a. Greek meso, middle or half, krikos, ring, and nem, thread. The current correct name (THIS week) for Macrophostonia and Criconemella. Stay tuned - we'll try to keep you posted.
Nematode: NEM-uh-toad or NEEM-uh-toad. Greek nema, thread, and toid, form. Member of Phylum Nematoda.
Paratrichodorus: (PAIR)-uh-(TRICK)-eh-DOOR-us. Greek para, beside, and trichos, a single hair, and dorys, a spear. The genus of stubby-root nematodes economically important in the Pacific Northwest.
Paratylenchus: (PAIR)-uh-tie-LENK-us. Greek para, beside, tylos, a knob on a club, and enchos, a spear. The most commonly encountered genus of pin nematodes in the Pacific Northwest.
Pratylenchus: (PRAT)-uh-LENK-us. Greek pratum, a meadow, tylos, a knob on a club, and enchos, a spear. Root-lesion nematodes.
Rotylenchus: (ROTE)-uh-LENK-us. Greek rota, a wheel, tylos, a knob on a club, and enchos, a spear. A genus of spiral nematodes.
Trichodorus: (TRICK)-uh-DOOR-us. Greek trichos, a single hair, and dorys, a spear. Another genus of stubby-root nematodes; often used to informally refer to Paratrichodorus.
Tylenchida: Tie-LENK-ih-duh. Greek tylos, a knob on a club, and enchos, a spear. Order containing plant parasitic and some fungal- and insect-parasitic nematodes characterized by three part esophagus and three part stylet, including Pratylenchus, Meloidogyne, Heterodera, Paratylenchus, and Mesocriconema.
Tylenchorhynchus: Tie-LENK-oh-RINK-us. Greek tylos, a knob on a club, enchos, a spear, and rhynchos, a beak or snout. Stunt nematodes.
Xiphinema: (ZIFF)-uh-NEEM-uh or (ZIFF)-uh-NEM-uh. Greek xiphos, sword, and nema, thread. Dagger nematodes.